The university world is full of practical work that you must master to perfection if you want to be a star student. Universia Peru brings you an academic content to learn how to make a monograph in eight steps. Discover them!
The monograph is one of the most chosen work formats by university professors, for this reason, it is necessary that you keep in mind the elaboration process.
If you have any doubts about this, check the following note from Universia Perú to learn how to make a monograph in eight steps.
Practice and perseverance is the best way to improve your work and prepare for larger projects, such as a thesis or a publication.
Throughout your university stage you will do many jobs and they will be the best way to demonstrate the validity of your knowledge and the strength of your skills.
These academic papers and monographs will be the best preparation to be able to carry out research projects and scientific studies at a professional level, either starting with a thesis or publications in reference media in your field.
These are the key steps to make a successful monograph:
1. Select a theme
The subject should be of interest to you and the information to address it with universal access.
Keep in mind the use of the most current sources, validated and, from this, specify possible topics and their possibilities of development and focus.
2. Limit the topic
To delimit a broad topic it is enough to select a specific aspect of it. You can choose a period of time, geographical area or any other variable.
It is fundamental to decide what will be the purpose of the monograph since, from the objective you will find a starting point to analyze the topic and a point to keep in mind throughout the development.
3. Search and evaluate sources
At this point it is essential to distinguish the different types of sources: The primary ones are, for example, manuscripts or interviews. Secondary schools consist of books, magazines, videos or library catalogs. Tertiary sources are encyclopedias, dictionaries, bibliographies, diaries, questionnaires. It is important to mention that websites are classified as electronic sources.
It catalogs well the sources that you consult and the information that you extract from each one, so that you make a complete bibliographical reference, validate and note the origin of all the data and citations that you use.
4. Do preliminary readings
The preliminary readings are the first approach to the subject and will form the theoretical basis to define your point of view and thus prepare a sketch.
A good option is to consult a book that offers a basic introduction to the topic to be developed. During this process it is necessary to take clear and brief notes that serve to enrich your vision on the subject.
5. Formulate the hypothesis
The hypothesis is an assertion that you formulate to express your point of view on the subject, independently of its connotation.
This will be the cornerstone of your monograph and from which you will articulate the rest of the contents and contributions.
6. Prepare the sketch
The outline is a work plan where all the ideas that will serve as reference framework to make the monograph meet.
This process will help you determine the information you have collected, detect the missing material, organize the content, select a central idea and structure the different necessary parts of a monograph, such as the introduction or conclusion.
7. Organize work
How will you work the theme? It specifies the basic hierarchical elements: title page, content index, summary, body or theme exposition, appendices, bibliography.
When carrying out this organization, it reviews the requirements demanded by the teacher, as well as the extension of the work and other details that will influence the quality and evaluation of your monograph.
8. Write the monograph
You will start writing your work using the presentation plan and the outline as a guide.
Remember to include direct quotes, as well as your notes or personal contributions that you were collecting during the familiarization process with the information.
Items to consider
In the introduction you must present the subject, the general objective, the hypothesis and the research method used.
The introduction is written once you have written the body and the conclusion of the monograph.
The conclusion uses a clear and simple language to explain the most outstanding results and ideas of the research.
In the conclusion should appear the pending problems of resolution and make a review of your research process and possible ways of continuity.
The writing, spelling, layout and include graphics and images are resources that will add value to your work and allow your query and understanding to be simpler and more attractive.